I'm posting comments by our friend Salim Munayer (MUSALAHA), who suggests that crimes need to be addressed, then forgiven, if progress is to be made in relationships.
If you wish to read a study paper I did on the close connection between Joseph the son of Jacob and Jesus the son of Joseph, request it at
It seems a travesty to talk about forgiveness. Yet, Joseph, the son of Jacob, had to learn to forgive those who betrayed him, trampled him under foot, sending him to Exile away from his own family and country. Yet, he learned it, extended it to his brothers and his people (and all nations) were eventually blessed.
Justice was sought in South Africa. It was won. Then the Truth and Reconciliation project was carried out by Archbishop Desmond Tutu. Atrocities done to each to each other were addressed, confessed, forgiven, and the parties moved on.
Without addressing terrible wrongs, repenting, asking for forgiveness, extending it, and making amends, there will only be constant recriminations, bitterness and destruction. Yours for justice, love, forgiveness, and Shalom/Salaam. JRK
AN ACT THAT CHANGED HISTORY
Salim Munayer (MUSALAHA Director)
Over the past several months we have been working to update some of the chapters in our curriculum of reconciliation.Some of the issues we have been researching further are the meeting of justice and reconciliation (there can be no reconciliation without justice, and no justice without reconciliation), and how forgiveness relates to the public and political spheres.I have been going through Donald Shriver, Jr.’s book An Ethic for Enemies: Forgiveness in Politics. While forgiveness sounds like a religious concept to many people, justice often does not, something that Shriver attributes to theologians.Reinhold Niebuhr, one of the most politically oriented contemporary theologians, has advocated for justice as a political virtue while downplaying the importance of forgiveness, relegating it to the sphere of sentimentalism, outside of realpolitik.Shriver argues for the importance of forgiveness in public discourse, avoiding the common misconception of forgiving as forgetting.Instead, he advocates the slogan “Remember and forgive.”
When we turn to the Scriptures, we can easily find many examples and calls to forgiveness in the New Testament, but it is not as dominant a theme in the Old Testament.Shriver discusses the story of Joseph as a model for forgiveness, and we know that Joseph prefigures the Messiah . . . .
In the book of Exodus we look to God as the deliverer of a suffering people from the crimes of Pharaoh and the injustice he inflicted upon the people of Israel. But we overlook the story leading up to this – Joseph’s story in Egypt.The story of Joseph shows the great crimes that are behind the formation of the people of Israel, from prejudice, betrayal, and slavery.Featured in this story and twenty-five year old wound, we see fear, suspicion, guilt, judgmental truth, forbearance of revenge, empathy and compassion.When Joseph reveals himself to his brothers and forgives them, he invites Jacob’s family to settle in Egypt.“A new nation has begun, but it could not begin until something decisive was done about evils that threatened the unity of a family apparently bent on destroying itself.That decisive something was a long-drawn-out process of forgiveness.”Without reconciliation between Joseph and his brothers, the people of Israel might not exist. Joseph’s forgiveness gave birth to a nation, and it is this story of family unity that provides the background and context for the Exodus.
Like Joseph, Jesus left his favored position with the father and became as a slave, suffering injustice.Jesus was also betrayed, and his obedience and forgiveness gave birth to the kingdom of God.
In our lives, we face injustices, fear, betrayal, and revenge.These need to be addressed, but we cannot move forward as nations and communities without the hope of forgiveness.If we take the example of Joseph and the commands of Jesus into consideration in our respective situations, it can heal our peoples and give birth to something new and exciting, just as it did in the story of Joseph and the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus.As we address our contexts, we echo the words of the prophet Micah that may we seek to “do justly, to love mercy and to walk humbly with our God.” And, many we follow Jesus’ example of obedience and forgiveness and bring a change to the course of our histories . . . .
Salim J. Munayer and the Musalaha Staff